A: In Arabic:
Abbas, Ihsan, (1997), the history of Andalusian literature in the era of the cults and the Almoravids, First edition, Amman, Dar Al-Shorouk.
Abbasa, Muhammad, (2012), Andalusian muwashshahat and azajal and their impact on the poetry of the Troubadour, First edition, Boukirat - Mostaganem (Algeria), Dar Omm al-Kitab for publication and distribution.
Al-Dosary, Walid Abdullah, (2019), “Manifestations of Visual Formation in the Poetry of Muhammad Habibi”, Islamic and Arabic Studies, Volume 37 (December), pp. 3451-3490.
Al-Fakhouri, Hanna, (1986), Al-Jami' fi History of Arabic Literature, Part One, Beirut, Dar Al-Jeel.
Al-Hilli, Safi-al-Din, (without date), Al-Diwan, Correction by Karam Al-Bustani, Beirut, Dar Sader.
Al-Jahiz, Amr bin Bahr, (1965), Al-Hayawan, Edited by Abd al-Salam Muhammad Harun, Volume 3, 2nd Edition, Cairo, Al-Babi Al-Halabi Press.
Al-Kubaisi, Tarrad, (1986), Poetry and Writing: The Visual Poem, Baghdad, dar Al-Hurriya for printing.
Al-Madani, Sayyid Ali Sadr Al-Din Ibn Masoum, (1968), Anwar Al-Rabi` fi anwae' al- Badi', Edited by Shakir Hadi Shukr, First edition, Karbala, publication and distribution of Al-Irfan Library.
Al-Rubaie, Abdul Razzaq, (2019), Poetic Works, Part Two, Beirut, Arab Foundation for Studies and Publishing.
Anani, Muhammad Zakaria, (1998), Andalusian Muwashshahat, Kuwait, the World of Knowledge.
Ballawi, Rasul, (1395), “The Language of Sumatism in the Diwan of “The Fingers of the Rain” by the Iraqi poet Habib Al-Samer,” Research Journal in the Arabic Language, No. 15 (autumn and winter), pp. 19-31.
Ballawi, Rasul; Ali Khezri; Amina Abgoun, (2015), “The Aesthetics of Visual Methods in the Poetry of Adnan Al-Sayegh”, Journal of Studies in Arabic Language and Literature, No. 21 (spring and summer), pp. 27-48.
Ballawi, Rasul; Sadiq Al-Bogbaish, (2020), “The Signs of Visual Language in the Poetry of Abd al-Razzaq al-Rabei,” Journal of Linguistic Practices, Volume 11, Issue 1 (March), pp. 166-193.
Bossis, Wassila, (2012), "On Visual Poetry: Concepts and Manifestations", Journal of Human Sciences, No. 38, December, pp. 39-51.
Hamdawi, Jamil, (2016), “The Concrete Poetry in Contemporary Arab Poetry (The Moroccan Poem as a Model)”, Al-Muthaqaf Journal, No. 1588.
Ibn-al-Atheer, Dia al-Din, (1999), al-Mathal al-saer fi adab al-kateb & al-shaer, Part Three, Cairo, Dar Nahdet Misr for Printing and Publishing.
Ong, Walter J., (1994), Oral and Written, Translation by Hassan Al-Banna Izz Al-Din, The World of Knowledge Series, No. 182, Kuwait, The World of Knowledge.
Polvos, Zouhaira, (2015), "Visual Formation in Contemporary Algerian Poetry", Journal of the Faculty of Letters and Languages, Constantine University, Vol. 11, No. 40, February, pp. 196-228.
B: In Persian:
Abdullahi, Ali, (1378), "Incorporational Poetry or Concrete", Rudaki, y.1, V. 2, pp. 32-35.
Dad, Sima, (1378), Dictionary of Literary Terms, Tehran, Morvarid.
Fatuhi, Mahmoud, (2012), Stylology: theories, approaches and methods, second edition, Tehran, Sokhan.
Gholami, Mojahed, (2017). "Concrete Poetry in the Literary Past of Iran and Arabia", Comparative Literature Survey, y. 8, v. 30, summer, pp. 133-154.
Hasanli, Kavos, (2004), types of innovation in contemporary Iranian poetry, Tehran, third.
Kashefi, Kamal-al-Din Hossein Vaez, (1369), Badae al-afkar fi sanae al-ashaar, edited and reported by Mir Jalal-al-Din Kazzazi, Tehran, markaz .
Marefat, Anwar, (2015), the Beginning of New Kurdish Poetry and the Evolution of Its Forms, Saqqez, Gutar.
Meghiasi, Hassan and Farahani, Samira, (1392). "Comparative study of visual poetry in Persian and Arabic literature". Proceedings of the eighth meeting of the Iranian Persian Language and Literature Promotion Association, Zanjan University, pp. 1-15.
Panje-ai, Mazdak, (1400), streamology of visual-auditory poetry, Tehran, Davat Moaser.
Radoiani, Mohammad bin Omar, (1362), Turjaman-al-Balagha, edited by Ahmad Atash, second edition, Tehran, Asatir.
Royaei, Yadullah, (1357), the destruction of the mind when thinking, s
Saffari, Abbas, (1385), "From the bird of toshih to the flight of concrete", Goharan, spring and ummer, Vol. 11 & 12, pp. 411-408.
Saffarzadeh, Tahereh, (1391), collection of poems by Tahereh Saffarzadeh, Tehran, Pars Kitab.
Shafi'i Kadkani, Mohammadreza, (2012), with a lamp and a mirror: in search of the roots of the transformation of contemporary Iranian poetry, Tehran, Sokhan.
Shams Langroudi (Mohammedtaghi Javaheri Gilani), (1377), Analytical History of New Poetry, second edition, Tehran, Markaz.
Shams Qays Razi (Shams-al-Din Muhammad ibn Qays Razi), (1360), al-Mu'jam fi ma'ayir Ashaar al-Ajam, revised by Mohammad Qazvini and Modarres Razavi, Tehran, Zowar.
C: In Kurdish:
Bekas, Sherko, (1394), Darbandi Papooleh, First edition, Tehran, Aryohan.
Besarani, Mustafa, (2017), Diwan, Sena, Kurdistan.
Ghobadi, Khana, (2016), Diwan, First edition, Senaa, Shwan.
Ghobadi, Khana, (2017), Leyli and Majnoon, First edition, Sena, Kani Kitab.
Habib, Badran, (1999), Jwayz: The works of nine Erbil poets, First edition, Erbil, Aras.
Jalizadeh, Qubad, (2007), Shahid Walks Alone, second edition, Erbil, Aras.
Jalizadeh, Qubad, (2012), Diwani Shir (King Peacock Gardens), Sulaimani, Hamdi.
Pirbal, Farhad, (2013), All Poetical Works, Fourth edition, Sulaimani, Ghazalnoos.
Raji, Abdulrahman, (2011), Diwan, Erbil, Rojhelat.
Safizadeh (Borekeyi), Siddiq, (1996), Name Saranjam, First edition, Tehran, Hirmand.